Environmental protection is now one of the most talked about and debated topics around the world. Many companies are spending hundreds of millions of dollars to create products or make their products green. An example is the electric car that is being considered as a viable option against the current gasoline car. In 2009, world leaders met in Copenhagen to discuss ways they can prevent global warming and reduce the effects of climate change, in effect protecting the environment. The travel industry has not been left out of this issue either. In an industry where the number of people traveling internationally is projected to reach the 1 billion mark in 2010, there is concern about their contribution to environmental damage. Also, like any other industry, the travel industry needs to be concerned with ways of doing business that are environmentally friendly. Here are some of the environmental issues affecting the travel industry that stakeholders must address and, in some cases, seek long-term solutions.
1. Aviation, which transports hundreds of thousands of tourists around the world, is of great concern to those seeking to protect the environment. One of the main concerns of the industry is greenhouse gas emissions and their implication in climate change. Aviation produces at least two percent of emissions. One way the aviation industry is working on this problem is by deploying newer planes that have fuel-efficient engines, which means less carbon emissions. However, not all airlines, especially in poorer countries, can afford to buy new planes.
2. Mass tourism. With the cost of travel getting cheaper and more and more people venturing further out of their countries to places that were previously inaccessible but can now be reached due to air travel, areas of environmental and historical importance are becoming increasingly popular. becoming more crowded. This is putting pressure on the ecosystems within these areas and threatening the flora and fauna. In addition, climate change will mean that certain places will not favor visitors due to weather conditions becoming extreme, which will cause overcrowding in other places with more favorable weather conditions. Again, this represents a danger to ecosystems in overcrowded areas and to tourism in the area.
3. Deforestation. Despite the global call to protect the environment, there are still areas where massive logging is taking place. This is also contributing to the destruction of flora and fauna and is a threat to tourism in those areas.
4. With the call to go green affecting all industries around the world, the tourism industry has not been left out. There is pressure on those in the industry to find methods of doing business that are sustainable and environmentally friendly. For example, can the hotel industry build hotels that are more environmentally friendly? What methods can you use to conserve energy and reduce the chemicals you use to dry-clean tons of industrial clothing?
5. Human invasion. With populations continuing to grow around the world, there is now competition between man and animals for space. Humans are now invading areas like national parks that are protected and marked for wildlife. This has led to reports of wild animals killing people and their livestock, which in turn leads to people hunting and killing these animals that are considered a threat. This is a threat to tourism in the area. Human invasion is also forcing animals to move away from their habitat to other areas where they cannot survive, leading to the extinction of certain species.